What microorganisms, capable of making the soil and atmosphere composition suitable for life, can be settled and where

 

Scientists have spotted the areas on Mars where colonies of lichen and autotrophic bacteria (organisms capable of synthesizing organic matter from inorganic one) can be settled. Microorganisms will be protected from temperature differences, strong wind and hard ultraviolet radiation in the Valles Marineris and in the Hellas Planitia located near the equator. They can multiply there and transform Mars with time making it suitable for life and colonization. Experts believe that it is reasonable first to make the conditions on the neighbouring planet milder, and only then to settle microorganisms there in order to finally transform the appearance of Mars.

 

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On 5 November, the article "Invasion of the Planet: Scientists Found Out how to Start Colonizing Mars" was published in the newspaper "Izvestia".